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Key Skills to Become a Full Stack Developer

Becoming a competent full stack developer entails harnessing the necessary skills for the craft, which includes knowledge in both the back and front end of an application or a website. Let us discuss what it means to be a full stack developer and the skills needed for the job.

Full stack developers are programmers who develop the client side and server side of an application. They often work in software and business applications development, and are equipped with knowledge and experience in both front end and back end of an application. They know how to deal with databases, user interface, UX design, systems engineering, and server configuration to provide a seamless user experience for their clients.


Front End Web Developer

Front End Web Development involves web design and building the sites people use every day. It's a comprehensive skill set that's used by nearly every single business in the world that needs a website to communicate to its customers.

Front-end developers do not need a degree or a school certificate to work. Rather, they must understand the fundamentals of front-end development, programming languages, and front-end development frameworks.


In this blog, you will learn how to become a front end developer by first understanding what front end development entails, the technical and soft skills required, the languages and frameworks available, and some steps to get started.


Top Skills a Front End Developer should know:-

It is important to understand that you do not need to know everything before working as a front-end developer, but the fundamentals, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, are always essential.


1. HTML

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, it is the skeleton of all web pages and applications as their most basic building block. You use HTML to structure your page into elements such as paragraphs, sections, headings, navigation bars, and so on.

HTML provides structure to the content appearing on a website, such as images, text, or videos. A page with just HTML is very basic and unappealing, and it will need CSS styling to make it presentable.


2. CSS

CSS is an abbreviation for Cascading Style Sheets, and you use it to enhance the appearance of a web page by adding CSS styles. These styles make your website more appealing and enjoyable to view and use for the end user.


3. JavaScript

HTML is a markup language, CSS is a style sheet, and then we have JavaScript, the third building block. JavaScript is a programming language that allows you to make your web pages more interactive. This can include animations, dynamic styling, effects/behaviors when buttons are clicked, game motion, and so on.


4. React JS

React is a JavaScript-based UI development library. Facebook and an open-source developer community run it. Although React is a library rather than a language, it is widely used in web development. React offers various extensions for entire application architectural support, such as Flux and React Native, beyond mere UI.


5. Angular JS

AngularJS is a very powerful JavaScript Framework. It is used in Single Page Application (SPA) projects. It extends HTML DOM with additional attributes and makes it more responsive to user actions. AngularJS is open source, completely free, and used by thousands of developers around the world.


Back End Web Developer

Back-end Development refers to the server-side development. It focuses on databases, scripting, website architecture. It contains behind-the-scene activities that occur when performing any action on a website. It can be an account login or making a purchase from an online store. Code written by back-end developers helps browsers to communicate with database information.

Work as a Back-end developer needs high stamina. Curiosity, eager to learn, diligent and work hard, love with what we do and tenacious are some characters could help the job is enjoyable. Sometimes there are some tasks are difficult to solve or time availability is so limited makes the work is stressful.


Top Skills a Back End Developer should know:-

Back end developers are in hot demand, and there are some essential skills you’ll need to learn if you want to become one. But never fear — if you’ve ever peeked under the hood of your car for the fun of it or snuck backstage to get a firsthand look at what goes on behind a show’s curtain, you already have the curiosity that drives back end developers. With a little effort and training, you may just be able to use your natural inquisitiveness to build a rewarding career, but it ultimately depends on acquiring the essential back end development skills.


1. Python

Python’s versatility has made it a fast-growing programming language. Moreover, the syntax of Python is comparatively easy to understand than other programming languages. The major application of this language is its usage cross-platform, simple web development, shell scripting, and quick automation. Python has a very simple syntax and comes up with better code readability aspects that subsequently make it easy to learn and use. Several popular Python web frameworks to you can take into consideration are Django, Flask, etc.


2. PHP

PHP, or Hypertext Preprocessor, is one of the most common and usable server-side languages in the development sector, Unlike Python and Java which automates tasks for developers. PHP interprets programming instructions (among other things) to automate routine processes and improve an application’s performance.


3. Java

Java is a portable, high-performance language used specifically for object-oriented programming. Java has have a good reputation as a multipurpose programming language. Java is used for desktop, web, and android development. Even if you love new technologies, languages, and frameworks, you cannot ignore the importance of Java. There are numerous frameworks available today that are based on Java. Spring framework is the most versatile framework used popularity by developers.


4. MongoDB

MongoDB is a free and open-source document-oriented database that is very much popular among web developers. MongoDB provides you with numerous prominent features such as Ad-hoc queries, Indexing, Replication, Load Balancing, File Storage, Aggregation, Transactions, etc. In addition, the security and data recovery aspects of this particular database are quite better compared to various other database management systems.


5. MySQL

MySQL is another open-source relational database management system that is widely used for web-based applications. MySQL provides cross-platform compatibility, strong indexing support, SSL support for secured connections, powerful data encryption and accuracy, built-in replication support, and various other features.


There are also some other frameworks and languages which you can learn to become a Full Stack Developer.


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